The International Incontinence Society defines urinary incontinence as a situation in which involuntary loss of urine occurs. It is a multidisciplinary problem, since, in addition to being a clinical situation, it also involves economic and social spheres. It harms patient’s health, deprives them of good life quality and can lead to isolation situations.
According to recent data, urinary incontinence affect twice as many women as men. Studies show that 50% of women experience, in their lifetime, some sort of involuntary urine loss. Other statistics indicate that this condition affects between 20% to 30% of young women, 30% to 40% of middle-aged women and about 50% of older women. It is estimated that, by 2030, the numbers will grow by 35%.
In addition to age, there are other risk factors associated with it, such as pregnancy, postpartum, menopause, obesity and physical inactivity.
Due to its scope and impact on physical and mental health, urinary incontinence should not be ignored. In order to fight social stigma – the biggest obstacle in the search for solutions – it is fundamental to understand the problem.